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What is Gynecology?
Gynecology is a medical specialty that focuses on the care of women with a focus on the reproductive organs and breasts. Gynecologists have completed the necessary education and training to provide routine care and also to evaluate, diagnose and treat disease or disorders of the female reproductive system.
In addition to providing routine and preventative care, gynecologists treat a variety of disorders and diseases, including:
- Infection, cancer or pre-cancerous conditions of the female reproductive organs or breasts
- Incontinence or other urinary tract disorders
- Menstrual issues
Gynecologists may also perform certain surgeries, such as hysterectomies.
Obstetrics and Urology
Gynecological services often overlap with two other areas of specialization, obstetrics and urology.
Obstetricians are specialists who provide medical care for pregnant women and their babies. Gynecologists who also provide obstetrical services are frequently referred to as an OB/GYN. Most gynecologists fall into this category.
Urologists are specialists who treat the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive system. Like gynecologists, urologists perform some surgeries in addition to being clinical doctors. Gynecologists who focus on treating female pelvic floor disorders, such as incontinence or prolapse of the vagina, bladder or uterus, are called urogynecologists.